Author Archives: Athenaise Guertin

Ever think about urban ‘aquaponics’?

HUNTS POINT — Christopher Toole sees the future of urban farming at the bottom of a 50-gallon garbage bin in the South Bronx, where a pale foot-long fish does lazy loops in dark water.

The fish is one of dozens of tilapia Toole keeps in trash and recycling containers, “aquaponic” tanks and traditional glass tanks in Hunts Point, where he is conducting an ambitious experiment. His plan is to create a network of homes, restaurants and cooperative farms where millions of people in the metropolitan area will raise and eat what he calls Bronx Best Blue Tilapia.

Toole knows it sounds a little quixotic, but he is undeterred. A disillusioned ex-banker and scientist’s son, he now sees himself as a “Johnny Appleseed of fish.”

“I’ve been part of the parasite economy for so long, so it would be nice to be part of the productive economy,” he said.

Toole ditched his job and six-figure salary at Sovereign Bank in 2010 to immerse himself in the principles of urban agriculture and aquaponics — the growing of fish and plants together in recirculating water systems. He stopped shaving. He and his girlfriend, Anya Pozdeeva, a former financial planner, developed a business plan, including a $2-a-year “buyers club.”

Last spring, they went online and ordered 500 tiny tilapia “fry” that would seed the project.  They chose tilapia because it is relatively easy to grow and breed and has a high protein content — the same reason the fish, native to Africa, has become popular for farming around the world.

Toole and Pozdeeva started by installing breeding tanks in their 14th floor apartment in Riverdale, but had to break them down when neighbors in their co-op complained they were running a fish farm. They started a non-profit called the Society for Aquaponic Values and Education, and found space at The Point, a community development organization housed in a converted parking garage near the Bronx River and the Hunts Point Terminal Market.

In a back room at The Point, Toole and Pozdeeva arranged a dozen tanks. One aquaponic setup uses fish waste to grow mint and basil. Two days a week, they teach local children, most of them from poor local families, how to grow their own food.

“On one hand, it’s just fish. But on the other hand, it’s changing the world,” Pozdeeva said. She grinned slyly. “This is the new world order we’re trying to push.”

Toole and Pozdeeva met while working at Sovereign Bank. Now they take their inspiration from Will Allen, a renowned urban farmer, and Sweetwater Organics, an urban farm, both in Milwaukee; and Martin Schreibman, a Brooklyn College scientist who pioneered the farming of tilapia in urban settings.

For now, Toole and Pozdeeva are living off their dwindling savings. But their goal is to have a thriving, sustainable operation that will supply individuals, restaurants, community gardens and other green-minded businesses. To describe their urban utopia, they’ve invented a word, “permaponics,” which combines aquaponics with design techniques aimed at creating self-sustaining farms that do not rely on outside infrastructure.

Toole admits that’s a long way off. “But we’re getting started,” he said.

Meanwhile, Toole tends to his stock in Hunts Point. Most of the original order of 500 fry have been eaten or sold or given away, but many remain in the tanks in the back of The Point building, where children help Toole change and clean water. At least once a semester, some are plucked out for a fish fry with students and staff.

“Give a person some fish, and you start a self-perpetuating cycle of education and growth,” Toole said. “This is urban survival. And we’re waking people up to it.”


Neat Article about Local Farmer Charles Wilson!

FOOD FOR THOUGHT: Farm school grads give agriculture a SPIN

By Arlene Kroeker – Richmond Review

Published: May 19, 2011 10:00 AM
Updated: May 19, 2011 10:30 AM

Meet Charles Wilson. He graduated from farm school in December, 2010. What is he doing now? Farming in Richmond.

Which might seem impossible for a new farmer, given the cost of land. However, Richmond, recognized as a leader in farmland protection and urban farming research, is making it possible for new farmers like Charles to grow food.

The City of Richmond and Kwantlen Polytechnic University joined together with the Richmond Food Security Society and the Richmond Fruit Tree Sharing Project and started the Richmond Farm School. The first class began in 2009, a one-year, non-degree program that trains students in a small-scale sustainable agriculture.

Charles lives in central Richmond, his house backs on to a park, his backyard a quilt with patches of garden beds. He has a business partner, a fellow grad Anna Rollings, and together they farm under the name of Natural Urban Growers. Together they farm half an acre of leased land in South Richmond, land owned by the City of Richmond.

When Charles retired from the workforce a few years ago, he had no idea what he wanted to do next. Farming wasn’t even an idea until 2008 when he read an article in the Vancouver Sun about the impending farm school. Then he realized that his first ambition at the age of seven, when he visited a farm, was to be a farmer. During his teen years, he had a garden, but that ended when his family moved to the city. He took up cooking, attended farmers markets, but he’d never heard of urban farming.

Acreage. That’s what Charles thought farmers needed. He found out that’s not true. The Farm School, with eight students the first year, was a comprehensive study of farming that took place half the time in the class and half in the field at Terra Nova or the orchard on Dyke Road in South Richmond.

Charles and his fellow students studied fruit crop management, including grafting, with Kent Mullinix (who is also the director of the Farm School). They studied all the steps in the food chain: soil management, plant science, animal husbandry (goats and birds), farm infrastructure, farm management (with Arzeena Hamir), beekeeping (with Brian Campbell), how to drive a tractor (a Kubota dealership donates a tractor for use during the season), sales and marketing (with Chris Bodner).

They learned how to do intensive farming on small plots—SPIN, which stands for Small Plot INtensive. And at the end of it all, Charles realized that there were many options open to farmers, and he and Anna decided to SPIN farm. For first generation farmers, SPIN farming removes two barriers—land and capital.

Using both the half acre and 800 square feet of Charles’ back yard, the new farmers operate a Community Supported Agriculture program. They sold shares to family and friends, giving them operational funds and time to plan for the season. Shareholders will receive a weekly box of produce throughout the growing season. Charles and Anna also sell at the Steveston farmers market.

These professional food gardeners grow tomatoes (not necessarily heirloom), gai lan, bok choy, beets, kale, cabbage, squash, potatoes, cucumbers, melons, lettuce, herbs, grapes, as well as flowers – hollyhock, zinnias, columbine, sunflowers. They practice organic gardening.

Since their partnership began, just before graduation, Charles and Anna spent the winter doing soils tests and mulching (when weather permitted). They planned the layout, calculated the amount of seed required, marketed the program, started in the greenhouse in March (to deliver first order in mid-June), set up their own bee hive, and tended to all the administrative and practical aspects of owning a business.

For Charles, the father of three grown children, it is a luxury to be able to do what he wants to do at this time of his life. With farming, there’s always a new way of doing things—it’s ongoing learning. Before the class began, Charles had no idea about SPIN, or that farming could be accomplished at what seems like a small scale. And now, he’s growing potatoes in leaves and burlap sacks to jump start the process. It’s all about improvisation and problem solving, but for Charles finding solutions is highly fulfilling. Feeding friends and family has some satisfaction as well.

Arlene Kroeker writes about food every Thursday in The Richmond Review. She may be reached at 

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Amazing Online Video About ‘Waste’

This video is truly amazing and so funny! It’s great for the classroom or the boardroom!


This site is dedicated to helping folks start a community garden in their neighborhood in BC, Canada.

Starting a community garden can be tricky if you don’t know where to start. There are different regulations, available space, water, resources, types of gardens, and ways of doing things. This site is meant to help with some of the challenges, and provide links to examples of successful local community gardens!